Did you know there is an artistic term for the way Matisse paints--not just modernism or abstraction or expressionism? Fauvism was the first avant-garde movement of the 20th century. The term comes from the French les Fauves, which means “wild beasts.” The Fauves used bright, sometimes garish colors that often had no relation to reality; their forms tended to be unrefined and sometimes close to abstract.
As with most artistic movements, it began as a reaction against previous styles, in this case impressionism and more traditional ways of seeing; and, also like most new movements, it was not well received by critics and the art world at the time. The movement as such lasted only from 1904 to 1908 but much of its style echoed in expressionism, and it produced some of the world’s art masterpieces.
André Derain (1880–1954)
Maurice de Vlaminck (1876–1958)
Georges Rouault (1871-1958)