Japonisme refers to the influence that Japanese art had on Western art in the late nineteenth century. Japan, formerly a closed society, was opened to the world in 1854, and Japanese art became wildly popular throughout Europe. Many impressionists and postimpressionist artists were inspired particularly by Japanese woodblock prints, known for their delicacy of line and color, lack of perspective, and treatment of the natural world.
Hokusai, The Wave
One of the artists most influenced was Vincent van Gogh, who did many paintings in the style of Japanese woodblock prints.